Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri
Essay No. 01
After the death of Pt. Jawaharlal Nehru. Sh. Lal Bahadur Shastri was chosen to become the Prime Minister of India. In the beginning, people thought that he would not be able to guide the largest democracy in the world. He was short standard and hardly had he visited any foreign country. But his brave son of India won hearts of the masses of India and abroad. He discharged his duties will full devotions and confidence. He took hard decisions with ease. Thus, this pocket sized Prime Minister scaled the heights of the Himalayas by h8is performance.
In a Kayesth family in Uttar Pradesh, Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on Oct. 2, 1904 in a poor family of the teachers. His father had died when he was a small child and he was brought up by his uncle. After primary education in the village, he went to high school at Varanasi. He attended the school crossing the river Gangas by boat. But when he had no money for the boat, he sworn across the river and attended the school.
He was a brilliant student. He responded to the call of Mahatma Gandhi and joined the political movement against the British along with other youths of the country. As such he had to leave his studies. But later on he took his studies. But later on he took his Shastri degree from Kashi Vidyapith- Varanasi. He was a patriot in true sense and worked honestly and sincerely. He later on come in contact with great leader like Gandhi Nehru Govind Ballabh Pant and others and impressed them by his sincerely and work.
Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri first became the member of Allahabad local body. Then he became the Minister in the Cabinet of Shri Givind Ballabhy Pant. Later on he was invited by Pt. Nehru to became the Railway Minister in the Cabinet of Shri Govind Ballabh Pant. Later on he was invited by Pt. Nehru to became the Railway Minister in the Cabinet of Central Govt. He was then made Home Minister. After the death of Pt. Nehru, at the end of the months he was elected the Prime Minister of Indian republic.
Shri shastri guided the country bout bob food scarcity with courage and determination. When Pakistan attacked India, He defeated the enemy and hold the moral if the country high. He gave the slogan- Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan’. After Taskand declaration, he was shocked and died on Jan 1, 1966. Although he is no more, yet his is in your heart.
Essay No. 2
Lal Bahadur Shastri
Shri Lal Bahadur Shastri was the second Prime Minister of India. He was one of the greatest men of the world. He was a great politician. He was one of the makers of India. Shastriji was a true patriot. He was a true discipline of Gandhiji. He was very simple in his dress and habits but very firm in his determination. He was a man of peace and sacrificed even his life for the cause of peace. He guided the nation at the hour of crisis. His life is an example of quiet and selfless service, humility, simplicity, determination, courage and statesmanship. He was one of the ablest administrators.
He was born in 1904 on 2nd October in Mughal Sarai in Utter Pradesh. He belonged to a Kayasth family. His father was a teacher. He died when Shastriji was only one and a half year old. He was brought up and educated by his maternal grandfather. When he was boy he joined the Congress. He was a born patriot. He took active part in the first Non co-operation Movement of India. He lef his studies. He went to jail in 1920. On release he entered the Kashi Vidya Peeth at Varanasi and took the Shastri Degree from there and re- entered politics. He was married to Lalita Devi at the age of 23.
Lal Bahadur Shastri and participated in all the mass movements and was imprisoned as many as seven times. In 1946, he was elected to the U.P. Legislative Assembly and was appointed Parliamentary Secretary to the Chief Minister Subsequently he was appointed Minister of Police and Transport. He held this post for nearly five years. In 1952 when the first general elections were held in India after Independence he was entrusted by the Congress party with task of organizing the election campaign.
He became a member of Rajya Sabha in the first session of Parliament. He was appointed Union Minister of Transport and Railways in 1952. Four years later he resigned his minister ship because he felt he was responsible for a Railway accident. In 1957, he was elected to the Lok Sabh and was appointed the Minister for Transport and Communications in the Union Cabinet. In March 1958, he became Minister for commerce and Industry. Later, on the death of Shri Govind Ballabh Pant, in April 1961, the important portfolio of Home Affairs was entrusted to him. In 1963, Lal Bahadur Shastri resigned from the office of Home Minister to devote himself to the task of the Congress organization under Karmraj plan. Soon after he was called upon to join the union Cabinet as Minister without portfolio. After the death of Pandit Nehru he became the Prime Minister.
The greatness of Mr. Shashtri layin maintaining the unity and integrity of the country. He remained an humble man even when occupying the highest office. He gave practical shape to our policies of peace, non- alignment and world harmony. He showed his capacity for firm action during the Indo- Pakistan conflict. Army was given a free hand. He added a chapter of victory to the history of India. He regained the prestige. Which India has lost at the time of Chinese attack.
Lal Bahadur Shastri was essentially a man of peace. His concept of peace, however, was on e of peace with honour. He devoted his whole life to the service of the country and to the cause of peace. The Tashkent agreement was his sincere effort in the direction of peace. On the eve of his death he said to the Defence Minister, “We have now to fight for peace with the same courage and determination as we fought against aggression.”
Lal Bahadur Shastri died at Tashkent in the early hours of Tuesday, the 11the January, 1966. He went there in the cause of peace. He had died at a time when his guidance was most needed by the country to tackle difficult problems. He guided the destinies of the nation with strength, wisdom and farsightedness.
During his short period of 18 months he showed that he possessed wonderful power to face every problem bravely. He put down all the bad element with a strong will and hand. He proved himself man of iron will. Mr. Shastri had sacrificed his life to the cause of the country. India will never forget him for his unselfish service.
Essay No. 03
Lal Bahadur Shastri
The Second Prime Minister of India
Lal Bahadur Shastri could serve as the Prime Minister of India only for a short period, about one and a half year to be precise, but during this period he established himself as one of the greatest and most lovable Prime Ministers and leaders of India.
He belonged to a humble family, as his father Sharda Prasad was a poor man. He was born on October 2, 1904 at Mughal Sarai in Uttar Pradesh. It was at Mughal Sarai that he got his primary education.
His father died when he was barely two. He joined the Harish Chandra High School at Varanasi where his uncle lived. Even at school, he was known for his intelligence, hard work, honesty and patriotic feelings, though physically he did not have much of an impressive personality, being short statured and thin.
He took an active part in the Non-Cooperation Movement and though he was arrested, he was not sent to jail, being teenaged and weak.
He got later education at Kashi Vidyapeeth. He was married to Lalita Devi when he was 24. He did great social work at the instance of Gandhi under whose influence he had come. He later wants to Imprisonment several times for offering Saotagraha. He studied a number of authors during his prison time. These authors included Marx, Kant, Laski, Hegel, Lenin, Russel, etc.
He joined as Railway Minister in 1962 in Jawaharlal Nehru’s cabinet, but taking moral responsibility for a railway accident, he resigned gracefully.
After Jawaharlal’ s death in 1964, he became the Prime Minister. He had to fight the war of 1965 with Pakistan. It was the time when his greatest sterling qualities of patriotism, courage and leadership came on the surface. He won the war and signed the Tashkent Agreement, but unfortunately he died of a massive heart attack on 11th January, 1966 while he was still at Tashkent. He will always be remembered as one of the greatest Indians.
Essay No. 04
Lal Bahadur Shastri
India : A great son of India
Born : 1904 Died : 1966
The grit and determination that characterised Lal Bahadur Shastri was best displayed during the Indo-Pak war of 1965. He gave the nation the slogan of ‘Jai Jawan Jai Kisan’ and exhorted people to make all sacrifices in the hour of adversity. He triumphed over Pakistan, but unfortunately died on 11th January, 1966 at Tashkent, the day he signed the agreement with Pakistan. His sudden, death became a matter of controversy, to both Indian and Soviet authorities.
Lal Bahadur Shastri left an indelible mark in the minds of his countrymen, though his tenure as Prime Minister was only a little over one year. This was because his entire life had been a saga of high moral conduct, simplicity of behaviour, sacrifice, politeness and firm determination. He was a giant amongst the generation that fought for freedom. Perhaps, we may not see a person of his high ideals in the days to come.
He was born in an ordinary family on October 2, 1904, at Mughal Sarai in Uttar Pradesh. His childhood was spent in want and penury. But, he was a man full of honesty, humanism and straightforwardness. After education at Kashi Vidyapeeth, he devoted his time to social service under ‘Servants of People Society’ founded by Lala Lajpat Rai.
That was the time when the freedom movement was in peak. Shastri plunged into freedom struggle. At first, he got into U.P. politics. Pt. Nehru took him to the Centre. He was general secretary of the Congress Party and later became the Union Minister for Railways. He resigned from the Cabinet owning moral responsibility for a railway accident, thus setting a rare example for politicians. He was elected the third Prime Minister of India after Pt. Nehru’s death in 1964. He discharged his duties With sincerity and took steps to take the country on the path of progress. He was posthumously awarded ‘Bharat Ratna’ for his incredible services to the country. A memorial was set up at Vijay Ghat, Delhi, which shall always remind us about this Great Son of India.
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Lal Bahadur Shastri was the second Prime Minister India and played an important role in Indian freedom movement. Let's take a look at his life, contributions and achievements.
Born: 2 October 1904
Place of Birth: Mughalsarai, Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh
Parents: Sharada Prasad Shrivastava (Father) and Ramdulari Devi (Mother)
Wife: Lalita Devi
Children: Kusum, Hari Krishna, Suman, Anil, Sunil and Ashok
Education: Mahatma Gandhi Kashi Vidyapeeth, Varanasi
Political Association: Indian National Congress
Movement: Indian Independence Movement
Political Ideology: Nationalist; Liberal; Right-wing
Religious views: Hinduism
Passed Away: 11 January 1966
Memorial: Vijay Ghat, New Delhi
Image Credit: http://www.newsgram.com/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/shstri2.jpg
Lal Bahadur Shastri was the second Prime Minister of independent India. He took oath after the sudden demise of Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister. Relatively new to the high office, he led the country successfully through Indo-Pakistan War in 1965. He popularized the slogan ‘Jai Jawan Jai Kisan’, recognizing the need for self-sustenance and self-reliance as the pillars to build a strong nation. He was a man of exceptional will power that was belied by his small frail stature and soft-spoken manner. He wished to be remembered by his work rather than well-rehearsed speeches proclaiming lofty promises.
Early Life and Education
Lal Bahadur Shastri was born on October 2, 1904, to Ramdulari Devi and Sharada Prasad Shrivastava, in Mughalsarai, United Provinces (modern day Uttar Pradesh). He shares his birthday with Mahatma Gandhi, the father of the nation. Lal Bahadur was against the prevailing caste system and therefore decided to drop his surname. The title "Shastri" was given after the completion of his graduation at Kashi Vidyapeeth, Varanasi in 1925. The title "Shastri" refers to a "scholar" or a person, adept in the "Holy Scriptures".
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His father Sharada Prasad, a schoolteacher by profession, passed away when Lal Bahadur was barely two years old. His mother Ramdulari Devi took him and his two sisters to their maternal grandfather, HazariLal's house. Lal Bahadur acquired virtues like boldness, love of adventure, patience, self-control, courtesy, and selflessness in his childhood. After completing his primary education at Mirzapur, Lal Bahadur was sent to Varanasi, where he stayed with his maternal uncle. In 1928, Lal Bahadur Shastri married Lalita Devi, the youngest daughter of Ganesh Prasad. He was against the prevailing "dowry system" and so refused to accept dowry. However, on the repeated urging of his father-in-law, he agreed to accept only five yards of khadi (cotton, usually handspun) cloth as dowry. The couple had 6 children.
Young Lal Bahadur, inspired with the stories and speeches of national leaders, developed a desire to participate in the Indian nationalist movement. He would also spend time by reading foreign authors like Marx, Russell and Lenin. In 1915, a speech of Mahatma Gandhi changed the course of his life and decided to actively participate in India’s freedom struggle.
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In order to participate actively in the freedom movement, Lal Bahadur compromised even with his studies. In 1921, during the non-cooperation movement, Lal Bahadur was arrested for demonstrating defiance against the prohibitory order. Since he was a minor then, the authorities had to release him.
In 1930, Lal Bahadur Shastri became the secretary of local unit of the Congress party and later the president of the Allahabad Congress Committee. He played a crucial role during the Gandhi’s ‘Salt Satyagraha’. He led a door-to-door campaign, urging people not to pay land revenue and taxes to the British. Shastri was among the prominent Congress leaders who were imprisoned by the British Government in 1942. During the long span in confinement, Lal Bahadur utilized the time in reading the social reformers and western philosophers. In 1937, he was elected to the UP Legislative Assembly.
Lal Bahadur Shastri had served in various positions before being elected the Prime Minister of India. After Independence, he became the Minister of police in the Ministry of Govind Vallabh Panth in Uttar Pradesh. His recommendations included the directions for using "water-jets" instead of lathis to disperse the unruly mob. Impressed with his efforts in reforming the state police department, Jawaharlal Nehru, invited Shastri to join the Union cabinet as Minister for Railways. He was widely known for his ethics and morality. In 1956, Lal Bahadur Shastri resigned from his post, following a train accident that killed around 150 passengers near Ariyalur in Tamil Nadu. Nehru, had once said, "No one could wish for a better comrade than Lal Bahadur, a man of the highest integrity and devoted to ideas".
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Lal Bahadur Shastri returned to the Cabinet in 1957, first as the Minister for Transport and Communications, and then as the Minister of Commerce and Industry. In 1961, he became the Minister for Home and formed the "Committee on Prevention of Corruption" headed by of K. Santhanam.
As Prime Minister of India
Jawaharlal Nehru was succeeded by a mild-mannered and soft-spoken Lal Bahadur Shastri on 9 June, 1964. Shastri emerged as the consensus candidate after the sudden demise of Nehru, even though there were more influential leaders within the ranks of Congress. Shastri was a follower of Nehruvian socialism and displayed exceptional cool under dire situations.
Shastri tackled many elementary problems like food shortage, unemployment and poverty. To overcome the acute food shortage, Shastri asked the experts to devise a long-term strategy. This was the beginning of famous "Green Revolution". Apart from the Green Revolution, he was also instrumental in promoting the White Revolution. The National Dairy Development Board was formed in 1965 during Shastri’s stint as Prime Minister.
After the Chinese aggression of 1962, India faced another aggression from Pakistan in 1965 during Shastri’s tenure. Shastri showing his mettle, made it very clear that India would not sit and watch. While granting liberty to the Security Forces to retaliate, he said, "Force will be met with force".
The Indo-Pak war ended on 23 September 1965 after the United Nations passed a resolution demanding a ceasefire. The Russian Prime Minister, Kosygin, offered to mediate and on 10 January 1966, Lal Bahadur Shastri and his Pakistan counterpart Ayub Khan signed the Tashkent Declaration.
Lal Bahadur Shastri, who had earlier suffered two heart attacks, died of a third cardiac arrest on 11 January, 1966. He is the only incumbent Indian Prime Minister to have died overseas. Lal Bahadur Shastri was awarded the Bharat Ratna, India's highest civilian award posthumously in 1966.
Mystery Surrounding Shastri’s death
Shastri’s sudden death immediately after signing the Tashkent Pact with Pakistan raised many suspicions. His wife, Lalita Devi, alleged that Shastri was poisoned and the Russian butler serving the Prime Minister was arrested. But he was released later as doctors certified that Shastri died of cardiac arrest. The media circulated a possible conspiracy theory hinting at the involvement of CIA in the death of Shastri. The RTI query posted by author Anuj Dhar was declined by the Prime Minister Office citing a possible souring of diplomatic relations with the US.