Issues Related To Scoring Of Essay Type Test Items Construction

 

CONSTRUCTING AND SCORING ESSAY TESTA.GENERAL TYPES OF AN ESSAY TEST

EXTENDED RESPONSE ESSAY ITEM

- is one that allow for an in-depthsampling of students knowledge, thinking processes, and problem-solving behavior relative to a specific fact.

RESTRICTED RESPONSE ESSAT ITEM

– is one where the examinee isrequired to provide limited response based on a specified criterion foranswering the question.

A.LEARNING OUTCOMES MEASURED EFFECTIVELY WITH ESSAY ITEMS

According to Gronlund and Linn (1990), there are 12 complex learningoutcomes that can be measured effectively with essay items. These arethe abilities to:

Explain cause- effects relationships;

Describe application of principles;

Present relevant arguments;

Formulate tenable hypotheses;

State necessary assumptions;

Describe the limitations of data;

Explain method and procedures;

Produce, organize and express ideas;

Integrate learning in different areas;

Create original forms; and

Evaluate the worth of ideas.A.

CONTENT VERSUS EXPRESSION-

It is frequent claimed that essay item allowsthe students to present his/her knowledge and understanding. More often or not,factors like expression, grammar, spelling and the like are evaluated in relationto content. If the teacher has attempted to develop students’ skills in expression,and if these learning outcomes are included in the table of specifications,assessment of such skills is just right and valid.

B.SPECIFIC TYPES OF ESSAY QUESTIONS

I.RECALL

a)SIMPLE RECALL

1.What is the chemical formula for sodium bicarbonate?2.Who wrote the novel, “The Last of the Mohicans?”a)

SELECTIVE RECALL

- in which a basis foe evaluation or judgment issuggested

1

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