Fidel Castro Essays Free

Fidel Castro, The Cuban People’s Leader

Fidel Castro, the Cuban people’s Leader

Fidel Castro and the United States of America have a very tense relationship. The current president of Cuba has helped the less fortunate people of Cuba in many ways, but in doing created conflict between the wealthier Cubans who in turn have chosen to seek homes on US soil in Florida. Castro is a very powerful leader who speaks for the people, in general, of Cuba. Since the 1960’s when Castro took power US relations with Cuba have decreased and instead of indifference to each other, hostility has arisen main from the US towards Cuba.

Fidel Alexander I Castrate Ruz was born August 13, 1926 in Birán. He attended Catholic schools before attending the University of Havana graduating with a degree in law. He was a member of a social democratic party named the Ortodoxo Party, which strongly critized the government of Cuba under the control of Fulgenclo Batista. He then ran for election to the Cuban House of Representatives. The elections were never carried out; instead dictator Batista halted the elections thereby ending democracy in Cuba. As a result of Batista actions, Castro attacked on July 26th, 1953 against the Moncada army barracks with 120 men. The attack failed and Fidel was arrested and sentenced to fifteen years but was pardoned after two years. During his trial preceding the sentence he gave his famous speech, “History Will Absolve Me” (Team 1). After being released he fled to Mexico. During his exile in Mexico he trained and assembled the 26t of July Movement. He gained support from Che Guevara before leaving aboard the Granma to invade Cuba in 1956. The revolutionaries returned to Cuba and hid in the Sierra Maestra mountains gaining the support of the peasants. Eventually, Baptista was forced to flee in 1959.

Many Cubans decided to flee to the United States because it was obvious that the Revolution was a Marxist one. Economic antagonism from the United States caused Castro to nationalize all American property. The U.S. has tried various schemes to assassinate Fidel Castro and continues to economically isolate Cuba. The CIA tried to invade Cuba at the Bay of Pigs to remove him from power but the Cubans fought off the US. After the Bay of Pigs, Cuba because closely aligned with the Soviet Union. The Soviets provide Cuba with large amounts of sugar and supplies. They also assisted in supplying Cuba with economic and military aid. The money from the Soviet Union allowed Castro to create many of his social programs such as his war on illiteracy and free universal health care. Unfortunetly the alliance between Cuba and the USSR created even more friction between Cuba and the US.

Castro has also successfully assisted foreign revolutions in Angola and Ethiopia. He was elected the head of Nonaligned Nations Movement and has remained a strong critic of US imperialism (Team 1). The destruction of the Soviet Union has left Cuba in a poor economic state and lost...

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 The Cuban Revolution

 The society on the island nation of Cuba had experienced many events in the twentiethCentury which motivated the revolution. Cuba’s separation from Spanish rule in 1898, theAmerican interest and influence on Cuba (1783 to the 1950’s), the rise of the Batista regimeinto government (1940 to 1959), Castro’s fight and overall succession in 1959 and theinvolvement of the Cold War on Cuba (1960 to 1991). These were all factors contributing tothe overall outcome of the Cuban revolution.Cuba had been a colony of the Spanish empire from 1511 till 1898 and in the nineteenthCentury there many attempted rebellions made to claim independence and break the tieswith Spain. As Cuba had great fertile soil the agriculture created great wealth in fruit, sugarand tobacco, though none of the profit went to the Cubans as it went out of Cuba and into theSpanish empire’s treasury. This loss of wealth angered many Cubans and in 1819 the first of several rebellions to break ties with the Spanish empire took place in Cuba. The revolt wascrushed under the Spanish, there were another six rebellions between 1819 and 1855 all weredefeated. In an effort to suppress the rising civil unrest in Cuba, which imposed an increasingthreat on severing ties with Spain, the Spanish government imposed many restricting andrepressive rules on the citizens of Cuba. The laws included laws banning Cubans from settingup businesses, taking public posts, taking legal actions against a Spaniard and travellingwithout permission. Marriages between Cubans and Spaniards were annulled (dissolved asthough it had never taken place). These new laws imposed by the Spanish governmentcreated even greater hostility between the people of Cuba and Spain. In 1868 the Ten Years’War broke out between the Cubans and the Spanish government and in 1878 when the warhad stopped, conflict was still continuing between the Cubans and the Spanish. A revoltagainst the Spanish, led by Jose Marti, broke out in 1895. The rebellion broke Cuba’s tie withSpain but did not make Cuba an independent nation. To aid the revolt in 1895, the Committeeof Cuban Exiles was established in the United States to encourage American citizens tosupport Marti. The Committee of Cuban Exiles also handed stories of the War to Americannewspapers in an effort to propagate a winning support for their cause. By 1897 many of these stories about Spanish atrocities were published in major newspapers became verymuch exaggerated and even false. The

USS Maine

sailed to Cuba in 1898 on a ‘courtesy visit’and on February 15 exploded in Havana harbour killing 260 sailors. This outraged manyAmericans, demanding war with Spain. On 25 April 1898 the United States declared war onSpain. When Spain was defeated the United States signed the Treaty of Paris on 20 December1898, surrendering Cuba to United States’ rule. Spanish rule ended in Cuba on 1 January1899. The United States had been interested in Cuba from 1783 and created many impacts onCuban society during the Twentieth Century. In 1783, United States President John Adamsdescribed Cuba as ‘a natural extension of the North American continent’. Then President James Monroe made a speech to Congress in 1823 in which he stated ‘that the United Stateswould no longer become involved in European affairs and that Europeans should no longerinterfere with any part of the Americas’. President Monroe also affirmed that if any Europeannation would interfere with any independent nation in the Americas that it would be seen asan attack on the peace and security of the United States. Therefore the United States had thepower and right to act as a ‘protector for the region. These declarations became known as theMonroe Doctrine. The establishment of this act created a close tie between the United Statesand the countries in the Americas, including Cuba. America’s relationship with Cubastrengthened even further when the United States defeated Spain in 1898, releasing Cubafrom Spain. When Spain ended their reign of Cuba on 1 January 1899, the United Statesestablished a military government in Cuba which was present until the Cuban republic wasdeclared in 1902. The presence of the American military government in Cuba would havesignificantly increased the interactions between Cuba and the United States. In 1901 theUnited States presented the composers of the Cuban constitution with the Platt Amendmentand warned that American troops would stay in Cuba if the Amendment was not included inthe constitution. The Platt Amendment enabled the United States with powers to intervenewith both domestic and international Cuban political affairs. The Amendment also gave the

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