This case study summarizes the results of past and future drought assessment in the Caribbean, particularly in the Eastern Caribbean. The study was developed using the CARiDRO tool and the Regional Climate Model outputs that are embedded in it. The results show that future drought such as observed in 2009-2010 will occur more frequently and will also be more intense and extended in space. This result has strong implications for different sectors including agriculture and water. The tool use here has been recognized as a very useful one but some suggestions are made to improve its utility.
This CARIWIG case study was carried out in order to determine the risk of having a drought similar to that which was experienced between October 2009 and April 2010 in the Eastern Caribbean. As described by Farrel et al (2010), the impacts of this drought were significant in a number of different sectors (water, agriculture and food prices) in most of the Caribbean countries. Thus, this event exposed severe deficiencies in the region’s ability to cope with drought. In particular the intention of the case study was to:
- Verify certain characteristics of the event: duration and intensity; and
- Determine the potential recurrence of this kind of event between 2011-2070
Picture: European Commission DG ECHO
In September 1994 a large U.S. invasion force converged on Haiti. Years of diplomatic efforts, secret government planning, and military rehearsals on the parts of the United States and the United Nations had failed to restore to office Haiti’s democratically elected, junta-deposed president, Jean-Bertrand Aristide, and now invasion was imminent. Poised for action and mere minutes from striking, President Bill Clinton stunned military commanders when he announced a drastic change of plan: a peaceful cooperation with an illegal government.
In Eyewitness to Chaos Walter E. Kretchik retells the experience of this unprecedented and convoluted operation through the voices of its participants. Synthesizing accounts from a cross section of military officials, Kretchik unveils the little-known inner workings of government and military planning and the real-world quandaries of operational execution faced by those involved. The thirty-seven interviewees provide insight into the many facets of the operation: strategic and operational planning; intelligence gathering; multinational force design; medical and legal complications; communication concerns; contracting and logistics; ethnic, cultural, and historical considerations; mission execution; and language barriers. What emerges is a new perspective on this attempt to secure a brighter future for Haiti’s people.